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Dance of Bull Fighting Against Tiger

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Photo By: Ada
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    “Dance of Bull Fighting Against Tiger” is a of folk dance popular in Ongnigod Banner of Chi Feng City in Inner Mongolia. It is performed by four people, among whom two act as a bull (one as bull's head, the other as the bull's tail), one acts as a tiger and the last one acts as a woodcutter. The performance includes four stages: first, the bull, the tiger and the woodcutter come onto stage together to form a triangle; second, the bull fights against the tiger; third, the bull and the tiger lie down to have a rest; fourth, the bull fights against the tiger fiercely and then the quick-witted woodcutter fights against the tiger by trickery and beats it to death. The dance has been spread for nearly a hundred years. According to a legend, in the ancient times there lived a red-haired tiger near Ulaanban Village and it often came to the village to cause disturbance. So this place was once called “Ulaan Bar” which means “red tiger” in Mongolian. The people who suffered a lot from the tiger decided to collaborate to fight the tiger and finally succeeded in beating it to death. Afterwards, the villagers invented a dance imitating a bull's fight against a tiger to celebrate the victory. Later, with the arrival of many new migrants, new movements have been added to the dance, such as “somersaulting”, which give highlight to the bull-fighter's distinguished moral qualities: brave, quick-witted and strong-minded.

Edit by: Ada

Jeerenghei Dance

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    Every autumn, to celebrate the harvest, the Barhu Mongolian people who live on the Hulun Buir Grassland in Inner Mongolia will gather voluntarily on a vast empty place and dance a highly rhythmical group dance, which is called “Jeerenghei Dance” by the local people, and is also named as “A Circle of Dancing Mongolian Gazelles” or “Digging Through a Hole”. First, all the dancers stand in a semi-circle, hand in hand. Then the two men on both ends of the semi-circle take the lead in dancing a rhythmical stamping dance while getting into the middle part of the circle. The others then follow suitand file into the middle. They will move like this in cycles gladly and never tired. One thing they should pay attention to is that all the dancers must keep in step; otherwise the dance cannot continue. It is said that this dance would help the cattle reproduce and grow in the coming year.

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Chopsticks Dance

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    Wide spread in Erdos, Inner Mongolia, the Chopsticks Dance is often seen on festive or celebrative feasts with only one man as the dancer. Holding a bunch of chopsticks in one hand or two hands, the dancer remains onthe same spot, shaking his shoulders quickly, along with the bending and stretching of legs and rocking of body. In a relaxed and smooth manner, the dancer clapping his own hands, shoulders, waist and legs, etc. by chopsticks and then proceeds in a circle or goes forward and backward in a straight line. The dance's posture and movements are unrestrained and nimble; the ways of clapping chopsticks are flexible and varied. Reaching the climax, the dancer will be shouting while he is dancing to add to the fun.

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Cup Dance

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    It is a kind of dance popular in Erdos, Inner Mongolia. On a festive or celebrative feast, after eating and drinking to their heart's content, people will grab wine cups from the table and start to dance to show their happiness. Each hand holds two cups and taps them to make different sounds: quick, slow, broken and trembling. And both hands will move to music and tap different rhythms. The movements include: both hands move in the line of a horizontal Arabic numeral “eight” and the upper body moves right and left as the hands move; two hands are crossed and tap the wine cups up and down, left and right while the body moves in the same direction; hands move in circles; both hands shake the wine cups at the secondor the eighth position of the stage when the body moves in the same direction with the hands and the line of sight moves in the opposite direction, that is to say, the ears follow whatever direction the wine cups are moving and listen to the sound; so-called circle movement: one hand hangs over the head while another hand moves in circles in front of the body; so-called horizontal swaying movement: both hands move to one side at the back, and the range of action is small around the hip, middle around the waist and big when one hand is over the head and another hand is behind the waist. At the end of some movements or at the linking part of two movements, some beautiful and fantastic movements can be seen. The lower body may kneel down or may be accompanied by various dance steps, such as round about steps. The head may carry a bowl or a lamp. As a mixture of toughness and gentleness, the dance appears graceful and simple and has lasting appeal.

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Chagan Lindar Dance

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    On the Xinlin Gol Grassland of Inner Mongolia there is a recreational dance called “Chagan Lindar”, which means “playing with a stick” in Mongolian. It is mainly performed by young men and women in every mid-autumn when the moon becomes full. First, the young men and women who take part in this dance are divided into separate groups, and then a girl will be chosen from the group of women to act as the “bride”. The “bride” carries a wood stick in her hand and exerts all her effort to throw it into the depth of the grassland. The young men have to search all over the grassland for it. If a young man has got it first, the other men will swarm to him to scramble for the stick. The one who finally gets the stick wins the game and becomes the “groom”, who has the privilege to dance with the “bride”. All the other young men and women also join in the singing and dancing till late at night. In fact, this recreational dance provides opportunities for the unmarried men and women to meet and choose their life companions freely.

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