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photo of Shooting
Photo By: Ada
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    The bow was an important tool and weapon for the hunting in ancient Mongolia. It is now used for sport. Archery is one of the major event of the “Nadamu”. Archery not only improves physical strength, but strengthens calmness and decisiveness.
  Mongolian archery is divided into archery on foot and archery on horseback. Each participant can fire nine arrows in three rounds, those who hit the most targets will be the winner. The archers wear colorful robes and riding boots during the contest.
    Archery on foot: All archers make preparations and fire at the bull's eye at the same time. If the bull's eye is hit, it will falloff and the audience will applaud. The prize will be awarded to the archers by the organizing committee at the end of the contest.
    Archery on horseback: The participants are archers and riders at the same time. Each participant is allowed to take only 23 arrows. Each one can fire altogether nine arrows in three rounds. The arrows and horses are provided by the participants. The run is 4m in width and 85m in length. Three targets will be set and the space between targets shall be 25m. At the time of competition, the archers draw arrows from their bag and the award will be granted according to the number of arrows that hit the target.
    After the founding of the People's Republic of China, steel arrows, plastic arrows, nylon arrows and metal arrows were gradually introduced. Archery experienced vigorous development. The Inner Mongolian shooting team has obtained numerous honors in domestic and foreign contests.

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Horse race

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Photo By: Ada
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    The Mongolians regard horses as their close friends. On festivals and holidays, the herdsmen will host horse races. The distance can be up to dozens of kilometres. The contest can be divided into walking races and running races. The walking race is a competition of speed, steadiness and beauty. The running race is a competition of speed and resistance. The rectilinear distance for running on the grass is 20 to 30 km, the champion and runner-up will be determined without regard for their age. Beforethe race, the riders will select their horses and invite experience persons to train them.
    The competing horses and riders will be dressed up. All competitors will wear beautifully clothes and riding boots, with color bands tied on their heads. When the contest starts, all the contestants will whip their horse. The riders that win the championship will be awarded big prizes. The horse will have a red ribbon hung on it, considered a major honor.

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Nadamu “Da'erhan Boke”

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photo of Nadamu “Da
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    “Da'erhan Boke” is a life-long honorary title for the wrestler. Only the most reputed Boke with the most outstanding achievements and prestige can obtain the title. The Mongolian people highly value the title of “Da'erhan Boke”. After being given the title of Da'erhan, most wrestlers are willing to serve as amateur coach to teach their own skills and tactics to the younger generation. The “Da'erhan Boke” has an obligation to serve as a referee at Nadamu wrestling contests at all levels.
  The awarding ceremony of “Da'erhan Boke” is held after the opening ceremony of the Nadamu meeting and before the wresting contest. Wearing formal contest dress, the wrestlers who are given the title of Da'erhan will jump and cry after the wrestling anthem is sang three times.

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Camel racing

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    Camels, dubbed “ships of the desert”, occupy a special position in the economic life and military activity of the ancient Mongolians. The camel is regarded as “the king of the animals”.
  Domesticated camels are often used for racing. At holidays and festivals, herdsmen from the grasslands and Gobi Desert will organize camel races, a traditional sports event. Having a big and tall body, camels can run more than 100 li in a day. When it gallops, the speed is almost thesame as a courser, what's more, it is more resistive than coursers. Racing camels are often domesticated ones that have been trained. The racing distance is between 5-40 km. The first to finish is the winner.
    Targets are also fired at during the course of the race, with the winner hitting the largest amount. Any age or sexcan take part.
    In recent years, camel races have been standardized according to the methods and means of modern sports competitions. Field contests, team contests and relay races are increasingly popular. In the National Ethnic Games in 1985, the camel race was included in the official competition event of the “Nadamu” National Ethnic Games.

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Aobao sacrificing

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    The most common and grand sacrificial activity of the Mongolians is the sacrificing of Aobao. Aobao means heaps of stones. Aobao is normally set up in hills and mountains, it is a cone-shaped solid tower made of stone. A long pole is inserted on the top, fur or animal skin and cloth ribbons are tied on the pole end, rocks for incense are placed around.
    Sacrificing of Aobao is mostly held in each June, July and August. When sacrificing, the worshipper will take Hadas, mutton, fermented milk and dairy food to the Aobao. Hadas and sacrifices will be presented firstly and Lamas will chant Buddhist scriptures and the other people will worship on bended knees. Then, they will add stone or wicker to the Aobao and colorful silk strips and Sutra streamers. After the sacrifice, such activities as horse races, wrestling and archery will be held, the event later will develop into a Nadamu meeting.

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