The Republic of Yemen was created when North and South Yemen merged in May 1990. Yemen is known for its striking scenery, magnificent pre-Islamic and Islamic architecture and ancient archeological sites. Tourist attractions in Yemen include the fascinating 2nd century city of San'a, famous for its well-preserved medina citadel and Islamic architecture, the stunning mountain town of Shihara, the 13th century city of Ta’izz, famous for its scenic location and beautiful mosques, and the port town of Aden, known for its ancient structures. Other tourist attractions include the archaeological site of Arsh Bilqis and the magnificent 18th century Dar al-Hajar Castle. The scenic Hadda Mountain, Haraz Mountains and the garden city of Rawdha, are also worth visiting.
Many international airlines operate direct flights to Yemen from Western Europe, the Middle East, Africa and South Asia. Cargo ships with passenger berths also call at port Hodeida. There are good road links between Yemen and Saudi Arabia.