Mao Zedong, a Celebrity from Hu'nan [edit this]
Mao Zedong, also well known as Chairman Mao, is a great man in human history. Mao Zedong was born in Shaoshan on the December 26, 1893, and died on the September 9, 1976, at the age of 83.
In the field of philosophy, Mao's ideas are considered culturally significant rather than original; still, his ideas have had a monumental impact on generations of Chinese, and have significantly affected the rest of the world. One significant idea was his view of peasants as the source of revolution. He also built on the theories of Hegel, Marx, and Taoism to create a new theory of materialist dialectics. Mao developed more practical ideas, such as a three-stage theory of guerilla warfare and the concept of the people's democratic dictatorship. Mao is the attributed author of Quotations from Chairman Mao Zedong, known in the West as the “Little Red Book”, which is certainly his best known work. He wrote several other philosophical treatises, both before and after he assumed power. These include: On Practice, 1937; On Contradiction, 1937; On New Democracy, 1940; On Literature and Art, 1942; On the Correct Handling of the Contradictions Among the People, 1957.
Edit by: ch
Historical Figures of Hu'nan [edit this]
A large number of figures of outstanding talents have emerged in the history of Hu'nan province, so Hu'nan enjoys the reputation of “The Kingdom of Chu, the unique home of talents people, The Province of Hu'nan, the very cradle of all”. In 105 A.D., Cai Lun, who was from Leiyang of Hu'nan, improved papermaking technology and produced the first piece of paper from multiple plant fibers, which has been honored as one of “Four Great Inventions” in ancient China. Zhou Dunyi, the founder of the Confucian school of idealist philosophy in the Song and Ming Dynasties was from Yongzhou of Hu'nan. Wang Fuzhi, an outstanding thinker of China in 17th century, was from Hengyang of Hu'nan. During the 79 years from the Opium War and the May Fourth Movement, Hu'nan province witnessed the appearance of many important figures in Modern Chinese history, such as Wei Yuan, Zeng Guofan, He Shaoji, Zuo Zongtang, Tan Sitong, Chen Tianhua, Huang Xing and Song Jiaoren. 83 people from Hu'nan in this period are listed in the Dictionary of Historical Celebrities in China, accounting for 10.9% of the total numbers of celebrities listed in the book. From May Fourth Movement to the New Democratic Revolution or even to the socialist revolution and construction period, a great number of Party leaders, government officials and military figures emerged from this province, the outstanding representatives of which are Mao Zedong, Cai Hesen, Ren Bishi, Liu Shaoqi, Peng Dehuai, He Long, and Luo Ronghuan. Meanwhile, a large group of geniuses of literature, arts, science and education came forth, such as Qi Baishi-the great master of Chinese painting, Tian Han-the playwright, Shen Congwen-the litterateur, Zhou Libo-the writer, and Chen Guoda-the founder of Geodegression Theory.
Edit by: ch